TAL

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The TAL consists of two parts:

1. Critical Fields List which lists the major fields of technology transfer: The first test applies to nationals of all countries 2. The Department of State List of designated State Sponsors of Terrorism: This second test is intended to remind the Consular Officers that applicants from listed countries warrant special scrutiny and are subject to a mandatory Visa Mantis checks.

As evident from the list, some of the categories are quite broad and encompass work of a purely non-threatening nature. Additionally, those who work or study in a "closely" related field or one that is categorized as "dual use" may also be subjected to increased processing procedures and delays. The consular officers will determine whether the person's work or school activities fit within the regulated fields.

The 16 sensitive areas constituting the Technology Alert List are:

(1)Conventional Munitions : technologies associated with warhead and large caliber projectiles, fusing, and arming systems;

(2) Nuclear Technology : technologies associated with the production and use of nuclear material for military applications;

(3) Missile / Missile Technology : technologies associated with air vehicles and unmanned missile systems;

(4) Aircraft and Missile Propulsion and Vehicular Systems : technologies associated with liquid and solid rocket propulsion systems, missile propulsion, rocket staging / separation mechanisms, and aerospace thermal and high performance structures;

(5) Navigation and Guidance Control : technologies associated with the delivery and accuracy of unguided and guided weapons, such as tracking and homing devices; internal navigation systems, and vehicle and flight control systems;

(6) Chemical and Biotechnology Engineering : technologies associated with the development or production of biological and toxin agents, pathogenics, and biological weapons research;

(7) Remote Imaging and Reconnaissance : technologies associated with military reconnaissance efforts, such as drones, remotely piloted or unmanned vehicles, imagery systems, and high resolution cameras;

(8) Advanced Computer and Microelectronic Technology : technologies associated with superconductivity, supercomputing, and microcomputer compensated crystal oscillators;

(9) Materials Technology : technologies related to the production of composite materials for structural functions in aircraft, spacecraft, undersea vehicles, and missiles;

(10) Information Security : technologies associated with cryptographic systems to ensure secrecy of communications;

(11) Lasers and Directed Energy Systems : technologies associated with laser-guided bombs, ranging devices, and countering missiles;

(12) Sensors : technology associated with marine acoustics, missile-launch calibration, night vision devices, and high-speed photographic equipment;

(13) Marine Technology : technology associated with submarines and deep submersible vessels, marine propulsion systems designed for undersea use and navigation, radar, and acoustic / non-acoustic detection;

(14) Robotics : technologies associated with artificial intelligence and computer-controlled machine tools;

(15) Advanced Ceramics : technologies related to the Production of tanks, military vehicles, and weapons systems;

(16) High Performance Metals and Alloys : technologies associated with military applications.


An alternative list:

(1) CONVENTIONAL MUNITIONS: Warheads, explosives, or other large caliber projectiles.

(2) NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY: Nuclear physics and/or nuclear engineering used in the development of nuclear materials for both peaceful and military applications.

(3) ROCKET SYSTEMS: Ballistic Missile Systems, Unmanned Air Vehicles, and pace launch vehicles.

(4) ROCKET SYSTEMS AND UNMANNED AIR VEHICLE SUBSYSTEMS: Propulsion technologies, solid rocket motor stages, liquid propellant engines, re-entry vehicles, guidance sets, thrust vector controls, and warhead arming technologies.

(5) NAVIGATION, AVIONICS AND FLIGHT CONTROL USEABLE IN ROCKET SYSTEMS AND UNMANNED AIR VEHICLES: Internal navigation systems, tracking and homing devices, accelerometers and gyroscopes, flight control systems, and global positioning systems.

(6) CHEMICAL, BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING: Biochemistry, microbiology, pharmacology, immunology, virology, bacteriology, mycology, toxicology, genetic engineering, recombinant DNA technology, pathogenecity, microencapsulation, chemical engineering, neurochemistry, pharmaceutical production technology.

(7) REMOTE SENSING, IMAGING AND RECONNAISSANCE: Remote sensing satellites, high resolution radar, imagery instruments, photogrammetry.

(8) ADVANCED COMPUTER/MICRO-ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY: Supercomputing, speech processing systems, neural networks, data fusion, quantum wells, superconductivity, optoelectronics, acoustic wave devices, superconducting electron devices, flash discharge type x-ray systems, frequency synthesizers, microcomputer compensated crystal oscillators.

(9) MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY: High performance metals, alloys, and ceramics associated with military applications.

(10) INFORMATION SECURITY: Cryptography, cryptographic systems.

(11) LASER AND DIRECTED ENERGY SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY: High and low energy lasers, directed and kinetic energy systems, optoelectronics, optical tracking, high speed pulse generation, magnetohydrodynamics.

(12) SENSORS AND SENSOR TECHNOLOGY: Marine acoustics, optical sensors, night vision devices, gravity meters, high speed photographic equipment, magnetometers.

(13) MARINE TECHNOLOGY: Submarines and submersibles, undersea robots, marine propulsion systems, signature recognition, acoustic and non acoustic detection.

(14) ROBOTICS: Artificial intelligence, automation, computer-controlled machine tools, pattern recognition technologies.

(15) URBAN PLANNING: Architecture, civil engineering, community development, environmental planning, geography, housing, landscape architecture, urban design.

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